pine 2 (pīn)
v. pined, pin·ing, pines
1. To feel a lingering, often nostalgic desire.
2. To wither or waste away from longing or grief: pined away and died.
To grieve or mourn for.
Intense longing or grief.
[Middle English pinen, from pine, suffering, from Old English pīne, punishment, torment, from Vulgar Latin *pēna, variant of Latin poena, penalty, from Greek poinē; see kwei-1 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.