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pound 2 (pound)
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v. pound·ed, pound·ing, pounds
v.tr.
1.
a. To strike repeatedly and forcefully, especially with the hand or a tool: pounded the nail with a hammer. See Synonyms at beat.
b. To assault with military force: pounded the bunker with mortars.
c. To beat to a powder or pulp; pulverize or crush: pound corn into meal.
2. To instill by persistent, emphatic repetition: pounded knowledge into the students' heads.
3. To produce energetically, as from forceful use of the hands. Often used with out: "a tinny piano pounding out Happy Birthday down the block" (Laura Kascischke).
4. To cause harm or loss to; affect adversely: stocks that were pounded when energy prices rose.
5. To defeat soundly: pounded their rivals in the season finale.
6. To attack verbally; criticize: was pounded for months in the press.
7. Slang To drink quickly (a beverage, especially an alcoholic one). Often used with back or down: pounded back a few beers after work.
v.intr.
1. To strike vigorous, repeated blows: He pounded on the table.
2. To move along heavily and noisily: The children pounded up the stairs.
3. To pulsate rapidly and heavily; throb: My heart pounded.
4. To move or work laboriously: a ship that pounded through heavy seas.
n.
1. A heavy blow.
2. The sound of a heavy blow; a thump.
3. The act of pounding.
Idiom:
pound the pavement Slang
To travel the streets on foot, especially in search of work.

[Middle English pounden, alteration of pounen, from Old English pūnian.]

pounder n.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
pound 3 (pound)
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n.
1.
a. An animal shelter, especially one operated by a public agency to house stray or confiscated animals.
b. A public enclosure for the confinement of stray livestock.
2.
a. A tank or submerged cage, as on a boat, in which live fish or shellfish are kept.
b. New England An establishment at which live lobsters are kept and sold, often also offering no-frills restaurant service.
3. A place in which vehicles impounded by the authorities are held until redeemed by their owners.
4. Archaic A prison.
tr.v. pound·ed, pound·ing, pounds
To confine (an animal) in a pound.

[Middle English, from Old English pund-, enclosure (as in pundfall, pen).]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 

Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices

    Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:

    Indo-European Roots

    Semitic Roots

    The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.

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