n. pl. pu·tam·i·na (-tămə-nə)
1. The hard endocarp of certain fruits; pyrene.
2. The reddish, outermost, and largest of the three portions into which the lentiform nucleus of the brain is divided.
[Latin putāmen, that which falls off in pruning, shell, husk, from putāre, to prune; see pau-2 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
(click for a larger image)putamen
of a peach
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.