An Indian salad made with yogurt and chopped vegetables or fruits, such as cucumbers, spinach, or bananas.
[Hindi rāytā, from Sanskrit *rājikātiktakaḥ, mustard pickle : rājikā, black mustard (probably from rājiḥ, streak, line, from ṛjyati, he stretches out; see reg- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots) + tiktaka-, bitter (from tikta-, past participle of tejate, it is sharp; see steig- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots).]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.