rake 1 (rāk)
1. A long-handled implement with a row of projecting teeth at its head, used especially to gather leaves or to loosen or smooth earth.
2. A device that resembles such an implement.
v. raked, rak·ing, rakes
a. To gather or move with or as if with a rake: rake leaves into a pile; rake in the gambling chips.
b. Informal To gain in abundance. Often used with in: a successful company that raked in the profits.
a. To smooth, scrape, or loosen with a rake or similar implement: rake the soil for planting.
b. To move over or across swiftly or harshly: Cold winds raked the plains.
3. To pull or drag (a comb or one's fingers, for example) over or through something, such as one's hair.
4. To scrape; scratch: The cat raked my arm with its claws.
5. To aim heavy gunfire along the length of.
1. To use a rake.
2. To conduct a thorough search: raked through the files for the misplaced letter.
To revive or bring to light; uncover: rake up old gossip.
rake over the coals
To reprimand severely.
[Middle English, from Old English raca; see reg- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
(click for a larger image)rake1
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.