1. A coarse file with sharp, pointed projections.
2. The act of filing with a rasp.
3. A harsh grating sound.
v. rasped, rasp·ing, rasps
1. To file or scrape with a rasp.
2. To utter in a grating voice.
3. To grate on (nerves or feelings).
1. To scrape harshly; grate.
2. To make a harsh, grating sound.
[Old French raspe, from rasper, to rasp, of Germanic origin. V., Middle English raspen, from Middle Dutch raspen, from Old French rasper.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.