ra·tion (răshən, rāshən)
1. A fixed portion, especially an amount of food allotted to persons in military service or to civilians in times of scarcity.
2. rations Food issued or available to members of a group.
tr.v. ra·tioned, ra·tion·ing, ra·tions
1. To supply with rations.
a. To distribute as rations: rationed out flour and sugar.
b. To restrict to limited allotments, as during wartime: ration gasoline. See Synonyms at distribute.
[French, from Latin ratiō, ratiōn-, calculation; see RATIO.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
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