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rest 1 (rĕst)
a. A period of inactivity, relaxation, or sleep:The hikers stopped for a rest.
b. Sleep or the refreshment resulting from inactivity or sleep:Get plenty of rest before the race.
c. The repose of death:eternal rest.
d. Mental or emotional calm:The news put my mind at rest.
2. The state of being motionless; the absence of motion:The car accelerates quickly from a state of rest.
3. The condition of being settled or resolved:a remark that put the matter to rest.
4. Music
a. An interval of silence corresponding to one of the possible time values within a measure.
b. The mark or symbol indicating such a pause and its length.
5. A short pause in a line of poetry; a caesura.
6. A device used as a support:a back rest.
7. Games See bridge1.·ed, rest·ing, rests
a. To cease motion, work, or activity, especially in order to become refreshed:The laborers rested in the shade.
b. To lie down and sleep:rested for an hour on the couch.
a. To be in or come to a motionless state:The can rolled along, finally resting when it hit the curb.
b. To be located or be in a specified place:The manuscript rests in the museum.
c. To be fixed or directed on something:His gaze rested on the necklace.
d. To be unchanged or unresolved:After arguing for an hour, we let the matter rest.
a. To be supported or based; lie, lean, or sit:The ladder rests firmly anst the tree.
b. To be imposed or vested, as a responsibility or burden:The final decision rests with the crperson.
c. To depend or rely:That argument rests on a false assumption.
4. Law To complete the n presentation of one's portion of a legal case:The defense rests.
1. To cause or allow to be inactive or relaxed so as to ren energy:The coach rested his best players. I rested my eyes before studying.
2. To place, lay, or lean, as for support or repose:rested the rake anst the fence.
3. To base or ground:I rested my conclusion on that fact.
4. To fix or direct (the gaze, for example).
5. Law To complete the n presentation of (one's portion of a case):The prosecutor was not ready to rest her case.
at rest
a. Asleep.
b. Dead.
2. Motionless; inactive.
3. Free from anxiety or distress.
lay/putto rest
1. To bury (a dead body); inter.
2. To resolve or settle (an issue, for example):The judge's ruling put to rest the dispute between the neighbors.

[Middle English, fromOld English.]

(click for a larger image)
rest (center) equivalent to the duration of an eighth note

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
rest 2 (rĕst)
1. The part that is left over after something has been removed; remainder.
2. That or those remaining: The beginning was boring, but the rest was interesting. The rest are arriving later.
intr.v. rest·ed, rest·ing, rests
1. To be or continue to be; remain: Rest assured that we will finish on time.
2. To remain or be left over.

[Middle English, from Old French reste, from rester, to remain, from Latin restāre, to stay behind : re-, re- + stāre, to stand; see stā- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
rest 3 (rĕst)
A support for a lance on the side of the breastplate of medieval armor.

[Middle English reste, short for areste, a stopping, holding, from Old French, from arester, to stop; see ARREST.]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.

Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices

    Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:

    Indo-European Roots

    Semitic Roots

    The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.