v. re·tired, re·tir·ing, re·tires
1. To withdraw from one's occupation or position, especially upon reaching a certain age; stop working.
a. To move away or withdraw, as for rest or seclusion: The guests retired to the living room.
b. To fall back or retreat, as from battle.
3. To go to bed.
a. To cause to withdraw from one's usual field of activity: The board must retire all executives at 65.
b. To withdraw from use or active service: retire an old battleship.
a. To take out of circulation: retired the bonds.
b. To pay off: retire one's debts.
3. To lead (troops, for example) away from action; withdraw.
a. To put out (a batter).
b. To cause (the opposing team) to end a turn at bat.
[French retirer, to retreat, from Old French, to take back : re-, re- + tirer, to draw; see TIER1.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
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