v. roast·ed, roast·ing, roasts
1. To cook with dry heat, as in an oven or near hot coals.
2. To dry, brown, or parch by exposing to heat.
3. To expose to great or excessive heat.
4. Metallurgy To heat (ores) in a furnace in order to dehydrate, purify, or oxidize before smelting.
a. To ridicule or criticize harshly.
b. To honor at or subject to a roast.
1. To cook food in an oven.
2. To undergo roasting.
a. Something roasted.
b. A cut of meat suitable or prepared for roasting.
a. The act or process of roasting.
b. The state of being roasted.
a. Harsh ridicule or criticism.
b. A facetious tribute, as at a banquet, in which the honoree is alternately praised and insulted.
Roasted: roast duck.
[Middle English rosten, from Old French rostir, of Germanic origin.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.