1. Sports A tournament in which each contestant is matched in turn against every other contestant.
2. A petition or protest on which the signatures are arranged in a circle in order to conceal the order of signing.
3. A letter sent among members of a group, often with comments added by each person in turn.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.