adj. rud·di·er, rud·di·est
a. Having a healthy, reddish color.
b. Reddish; rosy.
2. Chiefly British Slang Used as an intensive: "You ruddy liar!" (John Galsworthy).
[Middle English rudi, from Old English rudig; see reudh- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.