n. pl. scho·li·ums or scho·li·a (-lē-ə)
1. An explanatory note or commentary, as on a Greek or Latin text.
2. A note amplifying a proof or course of reasoning, as in mathematics.
[New Latin, from Greek skholion, diminutive of skholē, lecture, school; see segh- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.