seign·ior (sān-yôr, sānyôr′)
1. A man of rank, especially a feudal lord.
2. Used as a form of address for such a man.
[Middle English segnour, from Old French seignor, from Vulgar Latin *senior, from Latin, older, comparative of senex, sen-, old; see sen- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
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Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.