send 1 (sĕnd)
v. sent (sĕnt), send·ing, sends
1. To cause to be conveyed by an intermediary to a destination: send goods by plane.
2. To dispatch, as by a communications medium: send a message by radio.
a. To direct to go on a mission: sent troops into the Middle East.
b. To require or enable to go: sent her children to college.
c. To direct (a person) to a source of information; refer: sent the student to the reference section of the library.
a. To give off (heat, for example); emit or issue: a stove that sends forth great warmth.
b. To utter or otherwise emit (sound): sent forth a cry of pain.
5. To hit so as to direct or propel with force; drive: The batter sent the ball to left field. The slap on my back sent me staggering.
6. To cause to take place or occur: We will meet whatever vicissitudes fate may send.
a. To put or drive into a given state or condition: horrifying news that sent them into a panic.
b. Slang To transport with delight; carry away: That music really sends me.
1. To dispatch someone to do an errand or convey a message: Let's send out for hamburgers.
2. To dispatch a request or order, especially by mail: send away for a new catalogue.
3. To transmit a message or messages: The radio operator was still sending when the ship went down.
send down Chiefly British
To suspend or dismiss from a university.
To request to come by means of a message or messenger; summon.
1. To cause to arrive or to be delivered to the recipient: Let's send in a letter of protest.
2. Sports To put (a player) into or back into a game or contest: The coach is sending in the kicker.
3. To cause (someone) to arrive in or become involved in a particular place or situation: The commander sent in the sappers. It's time to send in the lawyers.
Sports To eject (a player), as from a soccer game, especially for a flagrant violation of the rules.
send up InformalIdioms:
1. To send to jail: was sent up for 20 years.
2. To make a parody of: "grandiloquently eccentric but witty verbiage ... that would send up the nastiness of suburban London" (New York).
send flying Informal
To cause to be knocked or scattered about with force: a blow to the table that sent the dishes flying.
To dismiss (someone) abruptly.
[Middle English senden, from Old English sendan; see sent- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
Synonyms: send1, dispatch, forward, route, ship, transmit
These verbs mean to cause to go or be taken to a destination: sent the package by parcel post; dispatched a union representative to the factory; forwards the mail to their new address; routed the soldiers through New York; shipped his books to his dormitory; transmits money by cable.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.