tr.v. sev·ered, sev·er·ing, sev·ers
1. To cut off (a part) from a whole: severed the branch from the tree.
2. To divide into parts; break or interrupt: sever a cord; severed the army's supply lines.
3. To break up (a relationship, for example); dissolve. See Synonyms at separate.
[Middle English severen, from Anglo-Norman severer, from Vulgar Latin *sēperāre, from Latin sēparāre; see SEPARATE.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.