stir·rup (stûrəp, stĭr-)
1. A flat-based loop or ring hung from either side of a horse's saddle to support the rider's foot in mounting and riding; a stirrup iron.
2. A part or device shaped like an inverted U in which something is supported, held, or fixed.
3. A rope on a ship that hangs from a yard and has an eye at the end through which a footrope is passed for support.
4. See stapes.
[Middle Englishstirope, fromOld Englishstīgrāp : stīgan, to mount; see steigh- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots + rāp, rope.]
(click for a larger image)
(click for a larger image)stirrup
top:stirrup on an English saddle
bottom:stirrup on a western saddle
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.