n. pl. sum·mons·es
1. A call by an authority to appear, come, or do something.
a. An order or process directing a person, especially a defendant in a case, to appear in court.
b. An order or process directing a person to report to court as a potential juror.
tr.v. sum·monsed, sum·mons·ing, sum·mons·es
1. To order to appear in or report to court by means of a summons: the defendant was summonsed to the district court.
2. To serve with a summons.
[Middle English somons, from Old French somonse, from feminine past participle of somondre, to summon; see SUMMON.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
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