syn·a·gogue also syn·a·gog (sĭnə-gŏg′, -gôg′)
1. A building or place of meeting for worship and religious instruction in the Jewish faith.
2. A congregation of Jews for the purpose of worship or religious study.
3. The Jewish religion as organized or typified in local congregations.
[Middle English, from Old French sinagoge, from Late Latin synagōga, from Greek sunagōgē, assembly, synagogue, from sunagein, to bring together : sun-, syn- + agein, to lead; see ag- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
syn′a·gogi·cal (-gŏjĭ-kəl), syn′a·gogal (-gŏgəl, -gôg-) adj.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.