tae·ni·a also te·ni·a (tēnē-ə)
n. pl. tae·ni·ae (-nē-ē′) or tae·ni·as also te·ni·ae or tae·ni·as
1. A narrow band or ribbon for the hair that was worn in ancient Greece.
2. Architecture A band in the Doric order that separates the frieze from the architrave.
3. Anatomy A ribbonlike band of tissue or muscle.
4. Any of various tapeworms of the genus Taenia, some of which infect humans.
[Latin, ribbon, tapeworm, from Greek tainiā; see ten- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
(click for a larger image)taenia
c. 100 bc marble copy of the bronze Diadoumenos by Polyclitus (c. mid-5th century bc)
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
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