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them (thĕm, thəm)
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pron. The objective case of they.
1. Used as the direct object of a verb: We saw them at the conference.
2. Used as the indirect object of a verb: We gave them a round of applause.
3. Used as the object of a preposition: This letter is addressed to them.
4. Informal Used as a predicate nominative: It's them. See Usage Notes at be, I1.
5. Nonstandard They: "Them's the kind I like" (American Dialect Dictionary).
6. Nonstandard Used reflexively as the indirect object of a verb: They ought to get them a new place to live. See Note at me.
adj.
Nonstandard
Those: "Them dogs will find the end of them footprints before ten o'clock" (William Faulkner).

[Middle English, from Old Norse theim and Old English thǣm; see to- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 

Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices

    Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:

    Indo-European Roots

    Semitic Roots

    The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.

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