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-trophy
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suff.
Nutrition; growth: hypertrophy.

[Greek -trophiā, from trophē, from trephein, to nourish.]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
tro·phy (trōfē)
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n. pl. tro·phies
1.
a. A prize or memento, such as a cup or plaque, received as a symbol of victory, especially in sports.
b. A specimen or part, such as a lion's head, preserved as a token of a successful hunt.
c. A memento, as of one's personal achievements.
d. The spoils of war, dedicated in classical antiquity with an inscription to a deity and set up as a temporary monument on or near a battlefield, placed in an existing temple, or housed in a permanent, new structure.
2.
a. An ornamental depiction of a group of weapons or pieces of armor.
b. A similar depiction of a group of other items, such as musical instruments or agricultural implements.
adj.
Impressive or ostentatious so as to display one's wealth or status: a trophy home.

[French trophée, from Old French trophee, from Latin trophaeum, monument to victory, variant of tropaeum, from Greek tropaion, from neuter of tropaios, of defeat, from tropē, a turning, rout; see trep- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 

Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices

    Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:

    Indo-European Roots

    Semitic Roots

    The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.

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