U·gri·an (grē-ən, y-)
1. A member of a group of Finno-Ugric peoples of western Siberia and Hungary, including the Magyars.
[Old Russian Ugry, Magyars, from medieval Turkic *-oǧur, tribe, as in *Onoǧur, probably meaning “the Ten Tribes” (attested in Byzantine Greek as Onogouroi), the name of a medieval nomadic people of the Balkans and the steppe north of the Black Sea (the Magyars being so called in Old Russian because the ethnic confederations of medieval Turkic khanates included Uralic peoples); further akin to Turkish Oǧuz, the Turkic group including Azerbaijanis, Turkmen, and the Turks of Anatolia and Europe.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.