1. An unaccented beat or beats that occur before the first beat of a measure. Also called anacrusis, pickup.
2. The upward stroke made by a conductor to indicate the beat that leads into a new measure.
1. Optimistic: an upbeat business forecast.
2. Happy; cheerful.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.