tr.v. up·held (-hĕld), up·hold·ing, up·holds
1. To hold aloft; raise: upheld the banner proudly.
2. To prevent from falling or sinking; support: beams that uphold the roof.
3. To maintain or affirm: uphold a standard of behavior. See Synonyms at support.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.