Va·len·ci·a (və-lĕnshē-ə, -chə, -sē-ə)
1. (also bä-lĕnthyä) A region of eastern Spain on the Mediterranean coast south of Catalonia. Inhabited by Iberian peoples in early times, it was colonized by Greek and Carthaginian traders and fell to the Moors in the eighth century. The Cid ruled the region and the city of Valencia from 1094 until his death in 1099.
2. (also bä-lĕnthyä) A city of eastern Spain on the Gulf of Valencia, an inlet of the Mediterranean Sea. First colonized by the Romans (c. 138 BC), Valencia was subsequently ruled by the Visigoths and the Moors before being incorporated into the kingdom of Aragon (1238). The city was the seat (1936-1937) of the Loyalist government during the Spanish Civil War. Spain's third-largest city, it is a major commercial and industrial center.
3. (also bä-lĕnsyä) A city of northern Venezuela west-southwest of Caracas on the western shore of Lake Valencia. Founded in 1555, it is a major industrial center.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.