weigh 1 (wā)
v. weighed, weigh·ing, weighs
a. To determine the weight of, as with a scale: weighed the tomatoes before buying them.
b. To measure or apportion (a certain quantity) by weight. Often used with out: weighed out a pound of cheese.
a. To balance in the mind in order to make a choice; ponder or evaluate: weighed the alternatives and decided to stay.
b. To choose carefully or deliberately: weigh one's words.
3. Nautical To raise (anchor).
1. To be of a specific weight: The dog weighs nearly 50 pounds.
2. To have consequence or importance: The decision weighed heavily against us.
a. To cause to bend heavily by added weight. Used with on or upon: a coating of ice that weighed on the slender branches.
b. To be burdensome or oppressive. Used with on or upon: These concerns have been weighing on us for weeks.
4. Nautical To raise anchor.
1. To cause to bend down with added weight: vines that were weighed down with grapes.
2. To give great worry or difficulty to; burden: The responsibilities of the new job weighed him down.
1. Sports To be weighed at a weigh-in.
2. To have one's baggage weighed, as at an airport.
3. To be of a specified weight: The new book weighs in at 7 pounds.
4. Slang To join in a discussion; utter a remark: She weighed in with some pertinent facts.
[Middle English weien, from Old English wegan; see wegh- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.