whip (wĭp, hwĭp)
v. whippedalso whipt, whip·ping, whips
1. To strike with a strap or rod; lash: whipped the horse with the reins.
2. To afflict, castigate, or reprove severely: “For nonconformity the world whips you with its displeasure” (Ralph Waldo Emerson).
3. To strike or affect in a manner similar to whipping or lashing: Icy winds whipped my face.
4. To arouse or excite, especially with words: whipped the audience into a rage.
5. To beat (cream or eggs, for example) into a froth or foam.
6. Informal To snatch, pull, or remove in a sudden manner: He whipped off his cap.
7. To sew with a loose overcast or overhand stitch.
8. To wrap or bind (a rope, for example) with twine to prevent unraveling or fraying.
9. Nautical To hoist by means of a rope passing through an overhead pulley.
10. Informal To defeat soundly: Our team can whip your team.
1. To move in a sudden, quick manner; dart: whipped out to the airport.
2. To move in a manner similar to a whip; thrash or snap about: Branches whipped against the windows.
1. An instrument, either a flexible rod or a flexible thong or lash attached to a handle, used for driving animals or administering corporal punishment.
2. A whipping or lashing motion or stroke; a whiplash.
3. A blow, wound, or cut made by whipping.
4. Something, such as a long radio antenna on a motor vehicle, that is similar to a whip in form or flexibility.
5. Sports Flexibility, as in the shaft of a golf club: a fishing rod with a lot of whip.
6. Sports A whipper-in.
a. A member of a legislative body, such as the US Congress or the British Parliament, charged by that member's party with enforcing party discipline and ensuring attendance.
b. A call issued to party members in a lawmaking body to ensure attendance at a particular time.
8. A dessert made of sugar and stiffly beaten egg whites or cream, often with fruit or fruit flavoring: prune whip.
9. An arm on a windmill.
10. Nautical A hoist consisting of a single rope passing through an overhead pulley.
11. A ride in an amusement park, consisting of small cars that move in a rapid, whipping motion along an oval track.
To keep together, as members of a political party or hounds in a pack.
1. To arouse; excite: whipped up the mob; whip up enthusiasm.
2. Informal To prepare quickly: whip up a light lunch.
whip into shapeInformal
To bring to a specified state or condition, vigorously and often forcefully.
[Middle English wippen, whippen; see weip- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.