1. A structure for confining birds or animals, enclosed on at least one side by a grating of wires or bars that lets in air and light.
2. A barred room or fenced enclosure for confining prisoners.
3. An enclosing openwork structure: placed a protective cage over the sapling; a bank teller's cage.
4. A skeletal support, as for a building; a framework.
5. An elevator car.
a. Baseball A batting cage.
b. Sports A goal, as in hockey or soccer, made of a net attached to a frame.
tr.v. caged, cag·ing, cag·es
To put or confine in or as if in a cage. See Synonyms at enclose.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin cavea.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.